کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5043921 1370604 2018 8 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Acute effects of monosodium glutamate addition to whey protein on appetite, food intake, blood glucose, insulin and gut hormones in healthy young men
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش تغذیه
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Acute effects of monosodium glutamate addition to whey protein on appetite, food intake, blood glucose, insulin and gut hormones in healthy young men
چکیده انگلیسی

AimsThis study investigated the effects of adding monosodium glutamate (MSG) to carrot soup with or without whey protein, on subjective appetite, food intake (FI) and satiety hormones in healthy young men.MethodsTwo experiments were conducted using a repeated-measures, within-subject, crossover design. In exp-1 healthy young men (n = 28) consumed water alone (500 mL), or carrot soup (500 g) with or without MSG (5 g, 1% w/w) or whey protein enriched (36 g) carrot soup with or without MSG (5 g, 1% w/w). Subjective appetite was measured post-treatment and FI measured at a meal at 120 min. In exp-2 (n = 15) the same treatments except for water were used. In addition to subjective appetite and FI, blood glucose, insulin, glucose like peptide 1 (GLP-1), C-peptide and ghrelin were measured.ResultsAdding MSG to carrot soup or whey protein enriched carrot soup did not affect FI. However, in exp-1 the addition of both MSG and protein increased fullness, and when MSG was added to carrot soup reduced desire to eat. In exp-2, average post-treatment appetite (5–120 min) was lower after carrot soup with MSG and protein than all other treatments (P < 0.05). In exp-2, carrot soup with MSG and protein, but not with protein alone, increased post-treatment insulin and C-peptide, and lowered blood glucose in comparison to carrot soup with no additions (P < 0.05).ConclusionAdding MSG alone, or in combination with whey protein, to carrot soups did not affect FI. However, MSG increased fullness and reduced desire to eat, as well as subjective appetite, and when added to protein decreased blood glucose and increased insulin and C-peptide, offering some support for the hypothesis that MSG in the gut signals protein consumption.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Appetite - Volume 120, 1 January 2018, Pages 92-99
نویسندگان
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