|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5119884||1486111||2017||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Association between biologically confirmed marijuana use and CD4+ and CD8+ in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH).
- Associations found in a clinical sample of Black HIV patients.
- One of a few studies examining recreational marijuana use and HIV-related immunity.
BackgroundMarijuana is a commonly used recreational substance with purported analgesic and mood enhancing properties. Many people living with HIV identify marijuana as a palliative substance. However, through its main psychoactive component, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is known to influence the immune system. The effects of marijuana use in people with HIV are still controversial, with very scant literature in Black adults.MethodsThe current study determined the differences in the lymphocyte count, specifically the number cluster differentiation 4 and 8 (CD4+ and CD8+), among patients who urine drug tested negative for THC (nÂ =Â 70) and those who tested positive for THC (nÂ =Â 25). The sample included 95 Black people living with HIV, 51% female, with a mean age of 46Â Â±Â 11Â years. Participants provided a urine sample for substance use testing and a trained researcher extracted clinical data from clinical charts on the day of appointment.ResultsAfter adjusting for demographic and HIV-related covariates, THC-positive patients had significantly higher CD4+ and CD8+ counts than their THC-negative counterparts.ConclusionThese results extend previous HIV-related immunity findings in an underrepresented group, and suggest that THC use does not reduce immune function as measured by CD count. Further research is warranted on the overall effects of THC on immune function in HIV positive patients.
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Volume 180, 1 November 2017, Pages 22-25