|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5522422||1401311||2018||10 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
Fusaric acid (FA) is a fungal metabolite produced by several Fusarium species responsible for wilts and root rot diseases of a great variety of plants. Bacillus spp. and Pseudomonas spp. have been considered as promising biocontrol agents against phytopathogenic Fusarium spp., however it has been demonstrated that FA negatively affects growth and production of some antibiotics in these bacteria. Thus, the capability to degrade FA would be a desirable characteristic in bacterial biocontrol agents of Fusarium wilt. Taking this into account, bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of barley were screened for their ability to use FA as sole carbon and energy source. One strain that fulfilled this requirement was identified according to sequence analysis of 16S rRNA, gyrB and recA genes as Burkholderia ambifaria. This strain, designated T16, was able to grow with FA as sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source and also showed the ability to detoxify FA in barley seedlings. This bacterium also exhibited higher growth rate, higher cell densities, longer survival, higher levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production, enhanced biofilm formation and increased resistance to different antibiotics when cultivated in Luria Bertani medium at pH 5.3 compared to pH 7.3. Furthermore, B. ambifaria T16 showed distinctive plant growth-promoting features, such as siderophore production, phosphate-solubilization, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase activity, in vitro antagonism against Fusarium spp. and improvement of grain yield when inoculated to barley plants grown under greenhouse conditions. This strain might serve as a new source of metabolites or genes for the development of novel FA-detoxification systems.
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Journal: Microbiological Research - Volume 206, January 2018, Pages 50-59