کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5523554 1546077 2017 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Risk factors associated with cytological endometritis diagnosed at artificial insemination in dairy cows
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم دامی و جانورشناسی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Risk factors associated with cytological endometritis diagnosed at artificial insemination in dairy cows
چکیده انگلیسی


- Prevalence of cytological endometritis (CYTO) at AI was 27.8%.
- Parity was a risk factor associated with CYTO at AI.
- Cows inseminated during summer had higher risk to suffer CYTO.
- CYTO prevalence was lower after 123 days in milk.

In this study, we aimed to determine risk factors associated with cytological endometritis (CYTO) diagnosed at artificial insemination (AI) in dairy cows. The CYTO risk factors were evaluated based on 1.625 AI-CYTO samples obtained from 873 Holstein-Friesian cows from in total 18 dairy herds in Flanders (Belgium). The endometrial cytology samples were obtained using the cytotape technique, which consisted of adapting a 1.5 cm piece of paper tape to a standardly loaded AI catheter, covered with a double guard sheet. The polymorphonuclear cells' (PMNs) cut-off point for CYTO at AI was set at ≥ 1%. We constructed multilevel generalized mixed effect models in order to identify the risk factors associated with the presence of CYTO at AI. The CYTO prevalence at AI was 27.8% at the animal level, while the within-herd level prevalence ranged from 10.7 to 39.7%, with an average of 28.1%. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of CYTO were parity ≥2 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.8], days in milk (DIM) at AI ≥ 124 (OR = 0.4), and warm months of the year [July (OR = 2.9), August (OR = 2.3), and September (OR = 1.4)]. In conclusion, the present study supports that multiparous cows and cows that are inseminated in the summer months have a higher risk to suffer from CYTO at insemination, while the risk for CYTO is lower when the insemination is taking place at ≥ 124 DIM.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Theriogenology - Volume 92, 1 April 2017, Pages 1-5
نویسندگان
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