|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5523554||1546077||2017||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Prevalence of cytological endometritis (CYTO) at AI was 27.8%.
- Parity was a risk factor associated with CYTO at AI.
- Cows inseminated during summer had higher risk to suffer CYTO.
- CYTO prevalence was lower after 123 days in milk.
In this study, we aimed to determine risk factors associated with cytological endometritis (CYTO) diagnosed at artificial insemination (AI) in dairy cows. The CYTO risk factors were evaluated based on 1.625 AI-CYTO samples obtained from 873 Holstein-Friesian cows from in total 18 dairy herds in Flanders (Belgium). The endometrial cytology samples were obtained using the cytotape technique, which consisted of adapting a 1.5Â cm piece of paper tape to a standardly loaded AI catheter, covered with a double guard sheet. The polymorphonuclear cells' (PMNs) cut-off point for CYTO at AI was set atÂ â¥Â 1%. We constructed multilevel generalized mixed effect models in order to identify the risk factors associated with the presence of CYTO at AI. The CYTO prevalence at AI was 27.8% at the animal level, while the within-herd level prevalence ranged from 10.7 to 39.7%, with an average of 28.1%. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of CYTO were parity â¥2 [odds ratio (OR)Â =Â 1.8], days in milk (DIM) at AIÂ â¥Â 124 (ORÂ =Â 0.4), and warm months of the year [July (ORÂ =Â 2.9), August (ORÂ =Â 2.3), and September (ORÂ =Â 1.4)]. In conclusion, the present study supports that multiparous cows and cows that are inseminated in the summer months have a higher risk to suffer from CYTO at insemination, while the risk for CYTO is lower when the insemination is taking place at â¥ 124 DIM.
Journal: Theriogenology - Volume 92, 1 April 2017, Pages 1-5