کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5559105 1403268 2017 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Dispositif pharmacoépidémiologique de surveillance des substances psychoactives : intérêts du programme national OPPIDUM du Réseau français d'addictovigilance
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت داروسازی، سم شناسی و علوم دارویی فارماکولوژی، سم شناسی و اقلام دارویی (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Dispositif pharmacoépidémiologique de surveillance des substances psychoactives : intérêts du programme national OPPIDUM du Réseau français d'addictovigilance
چکیده انگلیسی
It is important to assess drug abuse liability in 'real life' using different surveillance systems. OPPIDUM ('Observation of illegal drugs and misuse of psychotropic medications') surveillance system anonymously collects information on drug abuse and dependence observed in patients recruited in specialized care centers dedicated to drug dependence. The aim of this article is to demonstrate the utility of OPPIDUM system using 2015 data. OPPIDUM is a cross-sectional survey repeated each year since 1995. In 2015, 5003 patients described the modality of use of 10,159 psychoactive drugs. Among them, 77% received an opiate maintenance treatment: 68% methadone (half of them consumed capsule form) and 27% buprenorphine (39% consumed generic form). Brand-name buprenorphine is more often injected than generic buprenorphine (10% vs. 2%) and among methadone consumers 7% of methadone capsule consumers have illegally obtained methadone (vs. 9% for syrup form). The proportion of medications among psychoactive drugs injected is important (42%), with morphine representing 21% of the total psychoactive drugs injected and buprenorphine, 16%. OPPIDUM highlighted emergent behaviors of abuse with some analgesic opioids (like tramadol, oxycodone or fentanyl), pregabalin, or quetiapine. OPPIDUM highlighted variations of drugs use regarding geographic approaches or by drug dependence care centers (like in harm reduction centers). OPPIDUM clearly demonstrated that collection of valid and useful data on drug abuse is possible, these data have an interest at regional, national and international levels.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Thérapie - Volume 72, Issue 4, September 2017, Pages 491-501
نویسندگان
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