|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5688377||1409899||2017||5 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود رایگان|
IntroductionVesicoureteral reflux is a common disorder in children but can result in kidney scarring following acute pyelonephritis. The gold standard diagnostic to detect renal scars in children is 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy. DMSA has a number of limitations including radiation exposure, need for sedation, and radiotracer supply shortages. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a technique whereby biocompatible microspheres of inert gas are administered i.v. that reflect ultrasonography sound waves and do not involve radiation. Because the contrast agent is rapidly cleared, contrast images must be obtained within minutes of administration. CEUS has been used in a variety of organ systems, but its use in pediatric kidney diseases is limited.MethodsIn this study, we performed CEUS in 7 children with documented renal scars by radiographic imaging consistent with reflux nephropathy.ResultsIn all subjects, CEUS detected all previously known radiologic abnormalities as well as detecting new areas of hypoenhancing renal parenchyma. None of the patients experienced any serious adverse events.DiscussionThis study represents the first report of using CEUS to characterize renal scars in children with reflux nephropathy. We conclude that CEUS is a highly sensitive, rapid, and cost-effective diagnostic imaging modality for detecting and monitoring renal scars in children with vesicoureteral reflux.
Journal: Kidney International Reports - Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages 420-424open access