|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5742454||1412262||2017||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- We aimed to understand one exemplar case of monodominance in tropical forests.
- Peltogyne gracilipes represents >50% of basal area in parts of our studied forest.
- This monodominance is strongly correlated with soil factors, such as high magnesium, iron and aluminium.
Various explanations have been put forward for monodominance in otherwise diverse tropical forests. This study assesses if the monodominance of Peltogyne gracilipes on Maraca Island in the northern Amazon can be related to edaphic factors. The basal area of P. gracilipes and the five other most common tree species on Maraca Island (Astrocaryum aculeatum, Attalea maripa, Ecclinusa guianensis, Licania kunthiana and Pradosia surinamensis) were recorded in 30 regularly-spaced 0.5Â ha plots distributed over an area of 25Â km2, for which data on topography and concentration of mineral elements in the soil were also obtained. Stems of P. gracilipes accounted for â¥50% of the basal area in five of the plots, which we consider indicative of monodominance, whilst the highest relative basal area that any of the other species achieved in any plot was 31%. The soils data explained more of the variation in the basal area of P. gracilipes than it did for the other five species. The presence vs. absence and basal area of P. gracilipes was positively related to concentrations of magnesium (Mg), aluminium (Al), iron (Fe), phosphorus (P) and silt in the soil and to Mg:Ca ratios. These soils were found in the plots at the lowest elevations, which suggests that drainage factors may also be important. Overall, our results suggest that edaphic factors may explain, at least partially, monodominance in this Amazonian forest.
Journal: Acta Oecologica - Volume 85, November 2017, Pages 104-107