کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5742964 1412291 2017 4 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Short communicationCitizen science monitoring demonstrates dramatic declines of monarch butterflies in western North America
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک بوم شناسی، تکامل، رفتار و سامانه شناسی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Short communicationCitizen science monitoring demonstrates dramatic declines of monarch butterflies in western North America
چکیده انگلیسی

•The monarch population in western North America is in sharp decline.•We estimated population trends from spatially and temporally erratic sampling data.•Current trends indicate an extinction risk of 72% in 20 years and 86% in 50 years.•Reversing current trends requires achieving higher than historic average growth rates.

Count-based PVA allows researchers to assess patterns of population change through time and to evaluate future persistence. We combined state-space models and citizen science data to evaluate viability of the western population of monarch butterflies over 36 years. A key feature of our analysis was combining irregular sampling from multiple sites to obtain a single estimate of total abundance using state-space models. The average population growth rate was negative, u = − 0.0762 (λ = 0.927), average abundance in the 2000s was < 5% of average abundance in the 1980s, and current quasi-extinction risk is 72% within 20 years. Despite wide confidence intervals in some parameter estimates, western monarch monitoring data provide unambiguous evidence for dramatic population declines. To obtain viable populations, managers could target historic abundance and high enough growth rates to avoid near-term extinction.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Biological Conservation - Volume 214, October 2017, Pages 343-346
نویسندگان
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