|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5742964||1412291||2017||4 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
â¢The monarch population in western North America is in sharp decline.â¢We estimated population trends from spatially and temporally erratic sampling data.â¢Current trends indicate an extinction risk of 72% in 20Â years and 86% in 50Â years.â¢Reversing current trends requires achieving higher than historic average growth rates.
Count-based PVA allows researchers to assess patterns of population change through time and to evaluate future persistence. We combined state-space models and citizen science data to evaluate viability of the western population of monarch butterflies over 36Â years. A key feature of our analysis was combining irregular sampling from multiple sites to obtain a single estimate of total abundance using state-space models. The average population growth rate was negative, uÂ =Â âÂ 0.0762 (Î»Â =Â 0.927), average abundance in the 2000s was <Â 5% of average abundance in the 1980s, and current quasi-extinction risk is 72% within 20Â years. Despite wide confidence intervals in some parameter estimates, western monarch monitoring data provide unambiguous evidence for dramatic population declines. To obtain viable populations, managers could target historic abundance and high enough growth rates to avoid near-term extinction.
Graphical abstractDownload high-res image (198KB)Download full-size image
Journal: Biological Conservation - Volume 214, October 2017, Pages 343-346