کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5747861 1412443 2018 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Evaluation of the mobility and pollution index of selected essential/toxic metals in paddy soil by sequential extraction method
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست شیمی زیست محیطی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Evaluation of the mobility and pollution index of selected essential/toxic metals in paddy soil by sequential extraction method
چکیده انگلیسی


- Availability and pollution index of selected metals in paddy soil was evaluated.
- Relatively higher mobility was noted for Ca, Sr and Mn in the soil.
- Significant contamination and enrichment was found for Cd, Ni, Zn, Co and Pb.
- Cluster analysis showed anthropogenic input of the metals in various fractions.

Comparative distribution and mobility of selected essential and toxic metals in the paddy soil from district Sargodha, Pakistan was evaluated by the modified Community Bureau of Reference (mBCR) sequential extraction procedure. Most of the soil samples showed slightly alkaline nature while the soil texture was predominantly silty loam in nature. The metal contents were quantified in the exchangeable, reducible, oxidisable and residual fractions of the soil by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry and the metal data were subjected to the statistical analyses in order to evaluate the mutual relationships among the metals in each fraction. Among the metals, Ca, Sr and Mn were found to be more mobile in the soil. A number of significant correlations between different metal pairs were noted in various fractions. Contamination factor, geoaccumulation index and enrichment factor revealed extremely severe enrichment/contamination for Cd; moderate to significant enrichment/contamination for Ni, Zn, Co and Pb while Cr, Sr, Cu and Mn revealed minimal to moderate contamination and accumulation in the soil. Multivariate cluster analysis showed significant anthropogenic intrusions of the metals in various fractions.

214

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety - Volume 147, January 2018, Pages 283-291
نویسندگان
, , , ,