|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5769212||1628770||2018||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- We investigated the salinity tolerance of eggplant cultivars by germination kinetics, and physiological parameters.
- Seed germination kinetics in salt-sensitive cultivars were affected at 40Â mM NaCl.
- The metabolic homeostasis was disrupted in salt-sensitive cultivars as indicated by higher MDA and proline levels.
- Plant tolerance index correlated negatively with leaf Na+ content.
Salinity tolerance levels and physiological changes were evaluated in four eggplant cultivars (Solanum melongena L.). Seeds and seedlings were exposed to increasing salinity levels. In vitro germination kinetics and young seedling growth divided the cultivars in a sensitive and a tolerant group. 'Adriatica' and 'Black Beauty' supported only moderate salt stress up to 40Â mM NaCl while the tolerance level of 'Bonica' and 'Galine' was up to 80Â mM NaCl. Effects of salinity levels (0, 20, 40, 80 and 160Â mM of NaCl) were also tested in a greenhouse experiment. Increasing NaCl concentration increased strongly the levels of proline, malondialdehyde and soluble carbohydrates in the leaves of 'Adriatica' and 'Black Beauty'. In contrast, 'Bonica' and 'Galine' showed a decrease in soluble carbohydrates and a significant increase in starch under saline stress. The midday leaf water potential (Ïl) and leaf osmotic potential (ÏÏ) were significantly affected in sensitive cultivars and remained quite stable in tolerant cultivars under salt stress. Leaf Na+ and Clâ content was higher in sensitive than in tolerant cultivars. The leaf K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ contents were reduced under salt stress in sensitive cultivars. Under increasing salinity 'Bonica' and 'Galine' combine low leaf Na+ accumulation with a high plant tolerance index (PTI) thus maintaining a normal level of growth, while 'Adriatica' and 'Black Beauty' accumulate significantly higher concentrations of leaf Na+ and fail to maintain a normal level of growth from 80Â mM NaCl on.
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae - Volume 228, 26 January 2018, Pages 56-65