|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5769223||1413236||2018||5 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
â¢The European pears âSpadonaâ and âCosciaâ are semi-compatible with most of their pollenizers.â¢The Japanese pear âHosuiâ is fully-compatible and flower simultaneously with âSpadonaâ and âCosciaâ.â¢Pollination of âSpadonaâ and âCosciaâ with âHosuiâ increases seed number and consequently improves fruit quality and quantity.
In a previous work, it was found that âSpadonaâ the main European pear cultivar grown in Israel, is semi-compatible with each of its three pollinators âGentileâ,âCosciaâ and âSpadochinaâ. Thus, the full yield potential of these cultivars is not being realized. The Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) can fertilize European pears. In Israel, the environmental conditions for growing pears are sub-optimal for most pear cultivars. However, the Japanese pear âHosuiâ is well adapted to these conditions; moreover, it is fully compatible and flowers simultaneously with the cultivated European pears. In this work, we report on a 10-year evaluation of pollination of âSpadonaâ and âCosciaâ pollinated by âHosuiâ. The experiments were conducted in three stages: hand pollination; âbouquet insertionâ; and a combined European-Asian pear orchard. The results indicate that this is a beneficial means for significantly improving fruit quality and quantity.
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae - Volume 228, 26 January 2018, Pages 162-166