کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5769469 1628771 2018 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Research PaperDefense response against postharvest pathogens in hot water treated apples
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش باغداری
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Research PaperDefense response against postharvest pathogens in hot water treated apples
چکیده انگلیسی


- Hot water (HW) treatment is a safe method to control fungal postharvest diseases.
- HW treatment reduced symptoms by B. cinerea, C. acutatum and N. vagabunda on apple.
- Protein extracts from HW treated fruits inhibited conidia germination of pathogens.
- Protein extracts from HW treated fruits reduced fungal pathogenesis enzyme activity.

Hot water treatment (HWT) has been demonstrated to be a safe and effective method to control postharvest diseases. In the present study, the effect of HWT (45 °C for 10 min) was investigated on the response of apple fruit against Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum acutatum and Neofabraea vagabunda infections. In vivo experiments were conducted with apples treated with HW and then inoculated with pathogen spore suspensions 0, 3, 6 and 24 h after the treatment. In vitro experiments were carried out in order to investigate the HWT effect on the pathogenesis enzyme activities of the three pathogens. These assays were conducted with the crude protein extracts (CPEs) derived from the hot water treated apples. A significant reduction of rot incidence was observed in fruit inoculated at 6 h (B. cinerea 22.7% and C. acutatum 11.0%) and 3 h (N. vagabunda 68.8%) after HWT with respect to the controls (22.0, 18.5 and 19.67 mm, respectively). CPEs extracted from hot water treated fruit inoculated at 6 h and 3 h showed the highest conidia germination inhibition (B. cinerea 85.6%; C. acutatum 52.7% and N. vagabunda 83.1%) with respect to the controls (74.0, 71.0 and 90.3% of conidia germination, respectively). A significant reduction of pathogenesis enzyme activities of the three pathogens was detected when pathogens were exposed to CPEs derived from hot water treated apples. The results showed that HWT can stimulate a defense response on apple against some postharvest pathogens.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae - Volume 227, 3 January 2018, Pages 181-186
نویسندگان
, , ,