کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8693632 1581601 2018 4 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Trends in cigarette smoking among adults with HIV compared with the general adult population, United States - 2009-2014
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
روند سیگار کشیدن سیگار در بزرگسالان مبتلا به اچ آی وی در مقایسه با بزرگسالان بالغ، ایالات متحده - 2009-2014
کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی طب مکمل و جایگزین
چکیده انگلیسی
Smoking increases HIV-related and non-HIV-related morbidity and mortality for persons with HIV infection. We estimated changes in cigarette smoking among adults with HIV and adults in the general U.S. population from 2009 to 2014 to inform HIV smoking cessation programs. Among HIV-positive adults, rates of current smoking declined from 37.6% (confidence interval [CI]: 34.7-40.6) in 2009 to 33.6% (CI: 29.8-37.8) in 2014. Current smoking among U.S. adults declined from 20.6% (CI: 19.9-21.3) in 2009 to 16.8% (CI: 16.2-17.4) in 2014. HIV-positive adults in care were significantly more likely to be current smokers compared with the general U.S. population; they were also less likely to quit smoking. For both HIV-positive adults in care and the general population, disparities were noted by racial/ethnic, educational level, and poverty-level subgroups. For most years, non-Hispanic blacks, those with less than high school education, and those living below poverty level were more likely to be current smokers and less likely to quit smoking compared with non-Hispanic whites, those with greater than high school education, and those living above poverty level, respectively. To decrease smoking-related causes of illness and death and to decrease HIV-related disparities, smoking cessation interventions are vital as part of routine care with HIV-positive persons. Clinicians who care for HIV-positive persons who smoke should utilize opportunities to discuss and implement smoking cessation strategies during routine clinical visits.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Preventive Medicine - Volume 111, June 2018, Pages 231-234
نویسندگان
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