کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
917211 919254 2013 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Gender and discipline in 5–12-month-old infants: A longitudinal study
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب رفتاری
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Gender and discipline in 5–12-month-old infants: A longitudinal study
چکیده انگلیسی

We examined the effects of infant age and gender on the behaviors of infants and mothers during discipline interactions using longitudinal, naturalistic, home-based, taped observations of 16 mother–infant dyads (eight males and eight females). These observations were conducted between the child ages of 5 and 12 months and used a devised Maternal Discipline Coding System to code for the occurrence of discipline events. During discipline interactions, mothers vocalized longer, used harsher tones, and used more explanations with older compared to younger infants. Male infants were more likely than female infants to cry or whine during discipline events. Mothers of male infants used longer vocalizations, more words, and more affectionate terms than mothers of female infants. Male infants were more difficult during discipline interactions than female infants, but it appeared that mothers of males responded to this difficulty by using milder discipline techniques.


► We conducted a longitudinal, naturalistic study of discipline in 5–12 month infants.
► We devised new techniques for observing discipline, rarely studied in this age group.
► Male infants were more likely than females to cry or whine during discipline events.
► Mothers’ speech to older infants was longer, harsher, and used more explanations.
► Mothers of males used more speech and more affectionate speech than those of females.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Infant Behavior and Development - Volume 36, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages 199–209
نویسندگان
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