کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1162927 960289 2016 10 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Uranium aqueous speciation in the vicinity of the former uranium mining sites using the diffusive gradients in thin films and ultrafiltration techniques
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه شیمی شیمی آنالیزی یا شیمی تجزیه
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Uranium aqueous speciation in the vicinity of the former uranium mining sites using the diffusive gradients in thin films and ultrafiltration techniques
چکیده انگلیسی


• The applicability of the DGT technique in the vicinity of former uranium mining sites was evaluated.
• The binding selectivity order of the binding phase is the imperative factor influencing the performance of the DGT method.
• There is a good agreement between U concentration measured by the DGT technique and 10 kDa ultrafiltrate.
• DGT technique can be used as an alternative to ultrafiltration method to determine a potentially U bioavailable pool.

The performance of the Diffusive Gradients in Thin films (DGT) technique with Chelex®-100, Metsorb™ and Diphonix® as binding phases was evaluated in the vicinity of the former uranium mining sites of Chardon and L'Ecarpière (Loire-Atlantique department in western France). This is the first time that the DGT technique with three different binding agents was employed for the aqueous U determination in the context of uranium mining environments. The fractionation and speciation of uranium were investigated using a multi-methodological approach using filtration (0.45 μm, 0.2 μm), ultrafiltration (500 kDa, 100 kDa and 10 kDa) coupled to geochemical speciation modelling (PhreeQC) and the DGT technique. The ultrafiltration data showed that at each sampling point uranium was present mostly in the 10 kDa truly dissolved fraction and the geochemical modelling speciation calculations indicated that U speciation was markedly predominated by CaUO2(CO3)32−. In natural waters, no significant difference was observed in terms of U uptake between Chelex®-100 and Metsorb™, while similar or inferior U uptake was observed on Diphonix® resin. In turn, at mining influenced sampling spots, the U accumulation on DGT-Diphonix® was higher than on DGT-Chelex®-100 and DGT-Metsorb™, probably because their performance was disturbed by the extreme composition of the mining waters. The use of Diphonix® resin leads to a significant advance in the application and development of the DGT technique for determination of U in mining influenced environments. This investigation demonstrated that such multi-technique approach provides a better picture of U speciation and enables to assess more accurately the potentially bioavailable U pool.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta - Volume 913, 24 March 2016, Pages 94–103
نویسندگان
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