|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|361238||620595||2014||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
ObjectiveTo assess the effectiveness of Wisconsin Farm to School (F2S) programs in increasing students' fruit and vegetable (FV) intake.DesignQuasi-experimental baseline and follow-up assessments: knowledge and attitudes survey, food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and lunch tray photo observation.SettingWisconsin elementary schools: 1 urban and 8 rural.ParticipantsChildren, grades 3–5 (n = 1,117; 53% male, 19% non-Caucasian).Intervention(s)Farm to School programming ranging from Harvest of the Month alone to comprehensive, including school garden, locally sourced produce in school meals, and classroom lessons.Main Outcome MeasuresKnowledge, attitudes, exposure, liking, willingness; FFQ-derived (total), and photo-derived school lunch FV intake.Analysist tests and mixed modeling to assess baseline differences and academic-year change.ResultsHigher willingness to try FV (+1%; P < .001) and knowledge of nutrition/agriculture (+1%; P < .001) (n = 888), and lunch FV availability (+6% to 17%; P ≤ .001) (n = 4,451 trays), both with increasing prior F2S program exposure and across the year. There was no effect on overall dietary patterns (FFQ; n = 305) but FV consumption increased among those with the lowest intakes (FFQ, baseline very low fruit intake, +135%, P < .001; photos: percentage of trays with no FV consumption for continuing programs decreased 3% to 10%, P ≤ .05).Conclusions and ImplicationsFarm to School programming improved mediators of FV consumption and decreased the proportion of children with unfavorable FV behaviors at school lunch. Longer-term data are needed to further assess F2S programs.
Journal: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior - Volume 46, Issue 5, September–October 2014, Pages 341–349