کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4683854 1349370 2017 13 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Rock avalanche and rock glacier: A compound landform study from Hornsund, Svalbard
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
سقوط بهمن راک و یخچال طبیعی سنگ: مطالعه لندفرم ترکیبی از Hornsund، سوالبارد
کلمات کلیدی
سقوط بهمن راک؛ یخچال طبیعی سنگ؛ TLS (LIDAR)؛ مورفومتری؛ ERT؛ Lichenometry؛ چکش اشمیت؛ Hornsund؛ سوالبارد
Rock avalanche; Rock glacier; TLS (LiDAR); Morphometry; ERT; Lichenometry; Schmidt hammer; Hornsund; Svalbard
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات فرآیندهای سطح زمین
چکیده انگلیسی


• Rock glaciers of various shapes are a common landform in high Arctic
• Slope processes may affect the development of rock glacier
• Combination of several methods allowed differentiation between classic rock glacier and rock avalanche accumulation
• The combination of the two processes may be more common than anticipated

On the northern coast of the Hornsund fjord at SW Svalbard, numerous rock block accumulations flank the foot of Rotjesfjellet ridge. Whereas these accumulations are widely described as rock glaciers, this study shows that other factors also influence formation of these landforms. In this study, morphometric profiling and terrain analyses, lichenometry, optical granulometry, Schmidt hammer measurements, geophysical measurements using electric resistivity tomography, geodetic measurements using terrestrial LiDAR and rockfall modelling were used to clarify the formation of one unusual block accumulation. The morphometric analysis of a detailed (0.5 m) DEM and relief profiles showed distinctly different morphology of one of four studied block accumulations. The electric resistivity tomography revealed an ice core in the accumulation, the Schmidt hammer sampling helped to establish relatively younger age of the lobe-like left part of accumulation and finally, the lichenometry was employed to place the event on the approximate position on the timescale. In conclusion, the unusual block accumulation is a result of two consequent processes: first, a typical foothill rock glacier has developed, and consequently a large rock avalanche occurred, adding material and deforming the NW part of the accumulation. Based on the results of lichenometry, the rock avalanche was estimated to be 250 ± 50 years old. The study thus presents one of the few reported slope deformation events from the recently deglaciated Arctic areas.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Geomorphology - Volume 276, 1 January 2017, Pages 244–256
نویسندگان
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