|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4767848||1424502||2018||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Gibbsian vapor and liquid phases are always separated by heterogeneous interphase.
- Concept of zero-order phase transition is proposed for finite-volume systems.
- Introduced congruent vapor-liquid diagram is applicable to any types of fluids.
- Predicted congruent diagram of fluid metals reveals distinctions between compounds.
- Asymmetric criticality is reconstructed from measured data in a stable liquid.
We report the first reliable prediction of the critical point (CP) (Tc,Pc,Ïc) and two separate branches of the coexistence curve (CXC) for 10 alkali and alkaline earth fluids metals as well as for methanol. It is based on the recently proposed methodology of the congruent vapor-liquid (CVL) - diagram following from the developed earlier model of the fluctuational thermodynamics (FT). Both CXC-branches are predicted by the quite different (i.e. asymmetric and non-“symmetrized” artificially) FT-correlations. They are completely conformed in the asymptotic CP-region not only to the non-classical (with the exponent Î²â1/3) projection of CXC on the (T,Ï)-plane but also to the well-known classical Clausius-Clapeyron approximation of the vapor-pressure curve in the (P,T)-plane. The respective interrelations between two phase-dependent factors of thermodynamic similarity introduced, originally, by Riedel (Ri) and Trouton (Tr) in the classical principle of corresponding states (PCS) are estimated without any fitting. We show that neither any analytic expansion (it fails near CP) nor the known non-analytic Wegner's expansion (it diverges far from CP) are necessary to predict with the reasonable accuracy the entire range of CXC including its CP. The only input data for this aim are the standard low-temperature measurements of one-phase liquid performed at atmospheric pressure. The reasons of violation of the classical PCS for the metallic and ionic fluids have been analyzed. Despite the widespread belief on the contrary, FT-methodology predicts the striking similarity of all studied fluid metals revealed by their CVL-diagrams.
Journal: Fluid Phase Equilibria - Volume 455, 15 January 2018, Pages 15-23