کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4938157 1363636 2018 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Crossing the bridge to elementary school: The development of children's working memory components in relation to teacher-student relationships and academic achievement
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
گذر از پل به مدرسه ابتدایی: توسعه اجزای حافظه کار کودکان در ارتباط با روابط معلم و دانش آموز و پیشرفت تحصیلی
کلمات کلیدی
حافظه کاری؛ رابطه معلم و دانش آموز؛ دستاوردهای علمی؛ کلاس اول؛ انتقال؛
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم انسانی و اجتماعی روانشناسی روان شناسی کاربردی
چکیده انگلیسی


- Dependency in the teacher-student relationship predicts visuospatial sketchpad performance.
- The phonological loop and central executive were not predicted by the teacher-child relationship.
- Visuospatial sketchpad performance in kindergarten predicts reading, spelling and math in first grade.
- The phonological loop in kindergarten predicts math achievement in first grade.
- Performance on the central executive did not predict academic achievement.

Working memory is important for a variety of life domains, including for children's school functioning. As such, it is crucial to understand its development, antecedents and consequences. The current study investigates the development of different working memory components (phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad, central executive), the influence of different aspects of the teacher-student relationship (closeness, conflict, dependency) and its predictive value for academic achievement (reading, spelling, mathematics) across the transition from kindergarten to first grade. The sample consisted of 107 kindergarten children. Working memory tasks were administered at the end of kindergarten and first grade. Teachers reported on teacher-student relationship quality in the middle of first grade. Standardized tests were used to assess academic achievement at the end of first grade. Results indicate moderate to large increases in the phonological loop and visuospatial sketchpad and large gains in the central executive. Dependency of the student towards the teacher significantly predicted visuospatial sketchpad performance at the end of first grade. Reading was significantly predicted by the visuospatial sketchpad and phonological loop in kindergarten, while for spelling the visuospatial sketchpad was important. Finally, mathematics was predicted by performance on the phonological loop and the visuospatial sketchpad. The current study indicates the importance of the affective quality of the teacher-student relationship for working memory performance, which in turn is important for academic achievement. It is therefore critical to attend to the early detection and prevention or intervention of working memory problems in the classroom in order to prevent future academic problems. Additionally, maintaining a positive relationship with students and encouraging their independent exploration may be important when preventing such problems, complementary to cognitive or other types of training and intervention.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Early Childhood Research Quarterly - Volume 42, 1st Quarter 2018, Pages 1-10
نویسندگان
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