|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4968576||1449674||2017||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Crash prediction method with added behavioral and physiological features was developed.
- The discriminant analysis with different features and models was validated.
- Visual and physiological features improved the predictive accuracy and specificity.
- The different models showed varied characteristics in sensitivity and specificity.
Real-time crash prediction is the key component of the Vehicle Collision Avoidance System (VCAS) and other driver assistance systems. The further improvements of predictability requires the systemic estimation of crash risks in the driver-vehicle-environment loop. Therefore, this study designed and validated a prediction method based on the supervised learning model with added behavioral and physiological features. The data samples were extracted from 130 drivers' simulator driving, and included various features generated from synchronized recording of vehicle dynamics, distance metrics, driving behaviors, fixations and physiological measures. In order to identify the optimal configuration of proposed method, the Discriminant Analysis (DA) with different features and models (i.e. linear or quadratic) was tested to classify the crash samples and non-crash samples. The results demonstrated the significant improvements of accuracy and specificity with added visual and physiological features. The different models also showed significant effects on the characteristics of sensitivity and specificity. These results supported the effectiveness of crash prediction by quantifying drivers' risky states as inputs. More importantly, such an approach also provides opportunities to integrate the driver state monitoring into other vehicle-mounted systems at the software level.
Journal: Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies - Volume 74, January 2017, Pages 22-33