کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4981076 1367850 2018 13 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
A Resilience Engineering -related approach applying a taxonomy analysis to a survey examining the prevention of risks
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
رویکرد مرتبط با انعطاف پذیری با استفاده از تجزیه و تحلیل طبقه بندی به یک بررسی در مورد پیشگیری از خطرات
کلمات کلیدی
ایمنی؛ سلامتی؛ مدیران؛ کارگران؛ مهندسی مقاومتی؛ سیستم کاری؛ مدل اجتماعی و فنی
Safety; Health; Managers; Workers; Resilience Engineering; Work system; Socio-technical model;
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی بهداشت و امنیت شیمی
چکیده انگلیسی

•A developed qualitative taxonomy in the RE was applied in the statistical data.•The commitment of an organization was the key factor in decreasing accident risks.•Systematic improvements in OSH promoted measures capable of reducing the risk of accidents.•Improving ergonomics and training had a positive influence on better working conditions.•Key constructs in RE help in finding the relationships to be tackled by applying proactive measures.

The aim of this study was to devise a way of applying a taxonomy based on the concepts of resilience engineering and to demonstrate the feasibility of this taxonomy on survey data. An online internet questionnaire was administered to over 6700 OSH managers; their response rate was 22%. The corresponding values for workers’ OSH representatives were 5300 and 27%. The present study developed a qualitative taxonomy based on a Resilience Engineering approach. This study applied a combination of both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. For both managers and workers, ‘Commitment of management’, ‘Cooperation’ and ‘Systematic improvement of OSH’ had positive influences on ‘Decreasing accident risks’. Furthermore, ‘Obligations’, ‘Decreasing accident risks’, ‘Improving ergonomics’, and ‘Training’ exerted a positive influence on ‘Development of the work conditions’. The classification of resilience with the present taxonomy helped to clarify an intangible quality like resilience and in this context also helped to develop proactive safety measures. The key constructs of the present taxonomy helped in providing a deeper understanding of the commonalities, differences, and relationships in their sub-categories. The main implication is that the present resilience taxonomy can be applied by managers and employees for determining the future intervention process in improving OSH. When applying the present resilience taxonomy with a participatory approach, the organizations may acquire new perspectives on the working life and learn how they can collectively ensure the successful outcome and fulfilment of needs in OSH.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Safety Science - Volume 101, January 2018, Pages 108-120
نویسندگان
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