|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4996638||1368272||2018||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- The nitrogen distribution and evolution in HTC of food waste were investigated.
- Nitrogen species and amount in products depended on temperature.
- Amines and N-heterocyclic compounds were identified as main bio-oil-N species.
- Increasing temperature enhanced incorporation of nitrogen into aromatic heterocycles.
The influence of temperature (180-260Â Â°C) on the fate of nitrogen during hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of food waste (FW) was assessed. The distribution and evolution of nitrogen in aqueous products and bio-oil, as well as hydrochar, were conducted. Results suggested that elevated temperature enhanced the deamination and the highest ammonium concentration (929.75Â mg/L) was acquired at 260Â Â°C. At temperatures above 220Â Â°C, the total N in the hydrochar became stable, whereas the mass percentage of N increased. Amines and heterocyclic-N compounds from protein cracking and Maillard reactions were identified as the main nitrogen-containing compounds in the bio-oil. As to the hydrochar, increasing temperature resulted in condensed nitrogen-containing aromatic heterocycles (e.g. pyridine-N and quaternary-N). In particular, remarkable Maillard reactions at 180Â Â°C and the highest temperature at 260Â Â°C enhanced nitrogen incorporation (i.e. quaternary-N) into hydrochar.
Journal: Bioresource Technology - Volume 247, January 2018, Pages 182-189