|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5523010||1401360||2018||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Different gonadotropins were administered around implantation time to minimize embryonic loss in rabbits.
- eCG had a luteotrophic effect and increased implantation sites, resulting in better pregnancy outcomes.
- Both GnRH and hCG decreased dramatically progesterone concentration and conception rate.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a single administration of one of three different gonadotropins on Day 7 post-insemination on ovarian activity, progesterone (P4) concentration and pregnancy outcomes of rabbit does. Multiparous, non-lactating, V-line does were artificially inseminated after synchronization and ovulation induction with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG; 25 IU im) and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH; 0.8Â Â Î¼g buserelin im) 48Â h later. On Day 7 post-inseminarion, does were randomly allocated into four groups (nÂ =Â 40/group). Does of each group were intramuscularly injected with a single dose of one of physiological saline (placebo; control), GnRH (0.8Â Â Î¼g buserelin), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; 25 IU) or eCG (25 IU). Concentration of serum P4 was determined on Days 6, 9, 11 and 18 post-insemination. On Day 14 post-insemination, the ovaries and reproductive tracts of pregnant does were removed and weighed. Also, numbers of visible follicles, hemorrhagic follicles, corpora lutea of pregnancy (pCLs), new CLs (nCLs; formed after Day 7 post-insemination) and implantation sites were recorded. Conception rate, parturition rate, abortion rate, litter size/weight and litter viability were recorded. The highest (PÂ <Â 0.05) reproductive tract and ovary weights were for eCG. The highest (PÂ <Â 0.05) number of visible ovarian follicles was for eCG, whereas the lowest (PÂ <Â 0.05) was for GnRH. Treatment with eCG increased (PÂ <Â 0.05) numbers of pCLs and total implantation sites compared to the other groups. Treatment with GnRH or hCG increased (PÂ <Â 0.05) number of nCLs compared to control and eCG. The highest rate of fetal loss was in does treated with GnRH. The concentration of serum P4 decreased (PÂ <Â 0.05) following the treatment with GnRH and continued low until Day 18. However, it remained in line for control, hCG and eCG groups up to Day 11, then decreased (PÂ <Â 0.05) for control and hCG on Day 18, being lower for hCG than control, while continued to increase for eCG up to Day 18. Compared to control, treatment with eCG improved (PÂ <Â 0.05) conception and parturition rates by 24 and 22%; respectively, while GnRH and hCG treatments decreased (PÂ <Â 0.05) them by 57 and 47.6%; respectively. Litter size and litter weight at birth were improved by eCG, but were adversely affectd by GnRH and hCG. In conclusion, a single administration of eCG 7Â Days post-insemination could be recommended for improving pregnancy outcomes in rabbits.
Journal: Theriogenology - Volume 105, 1 January 2018, Pages 1-6