کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5548693 1402841 2018 10 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Evaluating oral flavorant effects on nicotine self-administration behavior and phasic dopamine signaling
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب رفتاری
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Evaluating oral flavorant effects on nicotine self-administration behavior and phasic dopamine signaling
چکیده انگلیسی

•Intraoral appetitive flavorant delivery enhances phasic dopamine signaling in rats.•Combined oral flavorant and i.v. drug delivery supports operant self-administration.•Appetitive flavorants, when combined with i.v. nicotine, enhance self-administration.•Oral menthol did not alter dopamine signaling nor nicotine self-administration.•Oral menthol reversed oral nicotine aversion, in a two-bottle choice test.

Understanding how tobacco product flavor additives, such as flavorants in electronic cigarettes, influence smoking behavior and addiction is critical for informing public health policy decisions regarding tobacco product regulation. Here, we developed a combined intraoral (i.o.) and intravenous (i.v.) self-administration paradigm in rats to determine how flavorants influence self-administration behavior. By combining i.o. flavorant delivery with fast scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) or i.v. nicotine self-administration in adult, male rats, we examined whether flavors alter phasic dopamine (DA) signaling and nicotine self-administration. Oral administration of 10% sucrose or 0.32% saccharin, but not 0.005% menthol, increased phasic DA release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Oral sucrose or saccharin, when combined with i.v. nicotine delivery, also led to increased self-administration behavior. Specifically, combined i.o. sucrose and i.v. nicotine decreased responding compared to sucrose alone, and increased responding compared to nicotine alone. In contrast, i.o. flavorants did not alter motivational breakpoint in a progressive ratio task. Oral menthol, which did not alter i.v. nicotine administration, reversed oral nicotine aversion (50 and 100 mg/L) in a two-bottle choice test. Here, we demonstrate that i.o. appetitive flavorants that increase phasic DA signaling also increase self-administration behavior when combined with i.v. nicotine delivery. Additionally, oral menthol effects were specific to oral nicotine, and were not observed with i.v. nicotine-mediated reinforcement. Together, these preclinical findings have important implications regarding menthol and sweet flavorant additive effects on tobacco product use and can be used to inform policy decisions on tobacco product flavorant regulation.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Neuropharmacology - Volume 128, January 2018, Pages 33-42
نویسندگان
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