|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5740004||1412153||2018||9 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
â¢Lb. plantarum CCFM 12 showed the highest esterase and AAT activity.â¢CCFM12 with ethanol enhanced the ethyl esters and fruity flavor in Camembert cheese.â¢No marked changes were found in the composition and microbe of the CCFM12 cheese.
The ethanol content and esterase and alcohol acyltransferase activities are the limiting factors in the synthesis of ethyl esters in Camembert-type cheeses. This study aimed to investigate the effects of alcohol, esterase and alcohol acyltransferase activities on ethyl ester formation in Camembert-type cheeses. Five experimental cheeses were prepared with three adjunct cultures with different enzyme activities and two levels of ethanol content (400 or 800Â Î¼g/g). The cheeses were aged for 4 weeks and analysed weekly for basic physicochemical, textural, volatile and sensory properties. The results showed that both the enzyme activity and ethanol content were limiting factors in the synthesis of ethyl esters in the Camembert-type cheeses. Variation in the esterase synthesis activity was observed among lactic acid bacteria, and the starter culture Lactococcus lactis MA 14 LYO distinguished itself through its high acidifying and esterase hydrolysis abilities. The addition of CCFM 12, a lactic acid bacteria strain with high esterase and alcohol acyltransferase activity, along with 400 or 800Â Î¼g/g of ethanol, notably enhanced the generation of ethyl esters and the corresponding fruity flavour, without causing dramatic changes in the basic physicochemical indices and microbial profile. In addition, cohesiveness was influenced by the addition of 400 and 800Â Î¼g/g of ethanol, and more resilience with 800Â Î¼g/g of ethanol had been found. The results showed that the addition of CCFM12 with 400 and 800Â Î¼g/g of ethanol may be applied in the production of Camembert cheese to enhance its fruity flavour.
Journal: Food Microbiology - Volume 70, April 2018, Pages 33-41