|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|587261||878392||2016||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• We studied correlations between ADHD and ASD and injury risks in Swedish children.
• Relative risks were estimated using regression models to account for confounding.
• We found evidence of increased risks in children with ADHD, but not those with ASD.
IntroductionInjuries are one of the leading causes of death and disability among children in Sweden and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has previously been associated with an increased risk of injury in pediatric populations elsewhere in the world. Current evidence regarding the possible link between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and injury risk appears limited, even though some potentially risk-increasing symptoms overlap. The purpose of this study was thus to study the association between both ADHD and ASD concerning the risk of injury among Swedish schoolchildren.MethodsTwo samples were used: a population-based register study containing data from 18,416 children ranging from the ages of 6–17 years collected by school nurses during 2012/2014 (Survey A), and a national cross-sectional study of 3202 ninth-grade children (~ 15 years old) collected from 92 schools in 2011 (Survey B). The data were analyzed using χ2-tests and log-binomial generalized linear models to obtain risk ratios (RR), comparing cases reportedly affected by ADHD or ASD to unaffected controls.ResultsAfter adjusting for confounders, ADHD was associated with a 65% increased risk of injury (RR 1.65 [95% CI: 1.32–2.05] in Survey A, and a 57% increased risk of injury (RR 1.57 [95% CI: 1.27–1.95]) in Survey B. ASD was not significantly associated with any differences in injury risk (RR 0.81 [95% CI: 0.57–1.14]).ConclusionsThe results indicate that there is an elevated injury risk among Swedish schoolchildren with ADHD but not for children with ASD. Future studies should focus on causal mechanisms mediating the association between ADHD and injuries in order to facilitate injury prevention strategies.Practical applicationsParents and teachers of schoolchildren with ADHD should be made aware of the elevated injury risks associated with the diagnosis. Safety experts and injury control professionals should consider the development of specialized prevention strategies in order to reduce these risks.
Journal: Journal of Safety Research - Volume 58, September 2016, Pages 49–56