|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6436170||1637553||2016||18 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Whole-rock compositions of HP metabasites vary from IAB-like, MORB-like to OIB-like.
- Crustal components were incorporated into the magma source of HP metabasite protoliths.
- Seafloor hydrothermal alteration changes the Î´18O values of HP metabasite protoliths.
- HP metabasite protoliths are backarc basin basalts of heterogeneous compositions.
- The backarc basin was transformed into the oceanic subduction zone.
An integrated study of whole-rock geochemistry, mineral O isotope geochemistry and zirconology was carried out for low-temperature eclogites and blueschists from the North Qilian orogen in northern Tibet. The results demonstrate that these oceanic-type eclogites and blueschists were produced by metamorphism of backarc basin basalts rather than mid-ocean ridge basalts as commonly thought. These high pressure metabasites show significant heterogeneity in their major and trace element compositions, varying from island arc basalts-like, mid-ocean ridge basalts-like to oceanic island basalts-like, respectively, in trace element distribution diagrams. Such variable compositions are comparable with those of backarc basin basalts at different stages. Whole-rock Nd isotope analyses indicate that the compositional difference between the metabasite protoliths can be ascribed to involvement of different amounts of subducted sediment-derived melts in the backarc mantle. Oxygen isotope fractionations between coexisting minerals are not at equilibrium; garnet O isotope analyses indicate that whole-rock Î´18O values are either higher or lower than normal mantle value, which is attributable to seawater-hydrothermal alteration during seafloor spreading to open the backarc basin. Relict magmatic zircon domains show oscillatory zoning, high Th and U contents, high Th/U ratios, and steep HREE patterns, with protolith U-Pb ages of 486-496Â Ma. Metamorphic zircon domains exhibit lowered Th, U and HREE contents and Th/U ratios than the relict magmatic domains and contain mineral inclusions of omphacite, rutile and phengite, giving concordant U-Pb ages of 463Â Â±Â 10Â Ma for eclogite-facies metamorphism. Zircons have markedly depleted Hf isotope compositions with Hf model ages slightly or significantly older than the protolith ages, suggesting incorporation of crustal components into the magma sources of these metabasite protoliths. Most zircons have Î´18O values different from normal mantle values, and the distinct zircon O isotopes in different samples are in accordance with garnet Î´18O values for the same sample, pointing to a localized fluid source for the metamorphism. Therefore, the different metabasites with different compositions were metamorphosed from different basaltic rocks generated in a backarc basin in the early Paleozoic. Their occurrence in the same region indicates that a backarc basin was transformed to an oceanic subduction zone where eclogite-facies metamorphism occurred.
Journal: Chemical Geology - Volume 421, 10 February 2016, Pages 26-43