|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1162928||960289||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• A validated liquid chromatographic method to determine protein-bound tyrosine oxidation, nitration and chlorination by-products.
• Plasma, Liver and Brain samples of hypoxic and normoxic animals from a postnatal hypoxia newborn piglets model.
• Small sample volume and suitable sample pre-treatment that includes protein extraction and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis.
• High-throughput of sample analysis and high selectivity for Phe, p-Tyr, o-Tyr, m-Tyr, 3Cl-Tyr, 3NO2-Tyr phenylalanine, p-tyrosine, ortho-tyrosine, meta-tyrosine, 3-nitrotyrosine and 3-chlorotyrosine.
BackgroundFree radicals cause alterations in cellular protein structure and function. Oxidized, nitrated, and chlorinated modifications of aromatic amino acids including phenylalanine and tyrosine are reliable biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation in clinical conditions.ObjectiveTo develop, validate and apply a rapid method for the quantification of known hallmarks of tyrosine oxidation, nitration and chlorination in plasma and tissue proteins providing a snapshot of the oxidative stress and inflammatory status of the organism and of target organs respectively.Material and MethodsThe extraction and clean up procedure entailed protein precipitation, followed by protein re-suspension and enzymatic digestion with pronase. An Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography–tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed to quantify protein released ortho-tyrosine (o-Tyr), meta-tyrosine (m-Tyr), 3-nitrotyrosine (3NO2-Tyr) and 3-chlorotyrosine (3Cl-Tyr) as well as native phenylalanine (Phe) and tyrosine (p-Tyr) in plasma and tissue from a validated hypoxic newborn piglet experimental model.ResultsIn plasma there was a significant increase in the 3NO2-Tyr/p-Tyr ratio. On the other hand m-Tyr/Phe and 3Cl-Tyr/p-Tyr ratios were significantly increased in liver of hypoxic compared with normoxic animals. Although no significant differences were found in brain tissue, a clear tendency to increased ratios was observed under hypoxic conditions.ConclusionsUPLC-MS/MS has proven suitable for the analysis of plasma and tissue samples from newborn piglets. The analysis of biomarkers of protein oxidation, nitration and chlorination will be applied in future studies aiming to provide a deeper insight into the mechanisms of oxidation-derived protein modification caused during neonatal asphyxia and resuscitation.
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Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta - Volume 913, 24 March 2016, Pages 104–110