کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1253284 1496280 2016 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Ceramide synthases in biomedical research
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه شیمی شیمی (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Ceramide synthases in biomedical research
چکیده انگلیسی

Sphingolipid metabolism consists of multiple metabolic pathways that converge upon ceramide, one of the key molecules among sphingolipids (SLs). In mammals, ceramide synthesis occurs via N-acylation of sphingoid backbones, dihydrosphingosine (dhSo) or sphingosine (So). The reaction is catalyzed by ceramide synthases (CerS), a family of enzymes with six different isoforms, with each one showing specificity towards a restricted group of acyl-CoAs, thus producing ceramides (Cer) and dihydroceramides (dhCer) with different fatty acid chain lengths. A large body of evidence documents the role of both So and dhSo as bioactive molecules, as well as the involvement of dhCer and Cer in physiological and pathological processes. In particular, the fatty acid composition of Cer has different effects in cell biology and in the onset and progression of different diseases. Therefore, modulation of CerS activity represents an attractive target in biomedical research and in finding new treatment modalities. In this review, we discuss functional, structural and biochemical features of CerS and examine CerS inhibitors that are currently available.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids - Volume 197, May 2016, Pages 25–32
نویسندگان
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