کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2645007 1138456 2016 6 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
The effectiveness of lifestyle intervention in early pregnancy to prevent gestational diabetes mellitus in Chinese overweight and obese women: A quasi-experimental study
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
اثربخشی مداخله شیوه زندگی در اوایل بارداری برای جلوگیری از دیابت بارداری در زنان چاق و دارای اضافه وزن چینی: یک مطالعه نيمه تجربی
کلمات کلیدی
حاملگی زودرس؛ دیابت حاملگی؛ مداخله شیوه زندگی؛ اضافه وزن؛ جلوگیری
Early pregnancy; Gestational diabetes mellitus; Lifestyle intervention; Overweight; Prevention
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پرستاری و مشاغل بهداشتی پرستاری
چکیده انگلیسی

PurposeGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and is associated with substantially elevated risk of adverse health outcomes for both mothers and offspring. This quasi-experimental trial was conducted to assess whether a lifestyle intervention in early pregnancy can reduce the incidence of GDM and excessive gestational weight (GWG) gain among Chinese overweight women.MethodsConvenience samples of 74 women in gestational weeks 8–12 with a BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 were enrolled. They were divided into intervention (N = 37) or control group (N = 37) according to the time sequence of seeing the doctor. The intervention group was provided with exercise, dietary, weight gain counseling and detailed plans at weeks 8–12 and every month in the second trimester. In addition, each counseling session included a personalized feedback based on their 5-day-records. Follow-up phone calls or emails were conducted every week between antenatal visits. The control group was just provided with exercise, dietary and weight gain counseling at weeks 8–12, besides the usual health education provided at the O&G outpatient department.ResultsThe lifestyle intervention resulted in a lower incidence of gestational diabetes in the intervention group (9/32, 28.1%) compared with the control group (19/34, 55.9%), p = 0.023. Women in the intervention group gained much less weight (6.86 ± 2.31 versus 10.08 ± 3.84 kg, p = 0.000) at the end of second trimester.ConclusionLifestyle intervention in early pregnancy can reduce the incidence of GDM and prevent excessive maternal weight gain in overweight and obese pregnant women.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Applied Nursing Research - Volume 30, May 2016, Pages 125–130
نویسندگان
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