|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2650985||1403669||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Reintubation imposes threat on survival as well as raising the risk of acquisition of ventilator-associated pneumonia.
• The association between reintubation and mortality is differential in planned extubation population and unplanned extubation population.
• Extubation failure brings greater harm in exclusive cardiac surgery population than general population.
• Particular attention should be paid in mechanically ventilated patients who ever experienced cardiac surgery and unplanned extubation.
ObjectivesThis meta-analysis summarized the risks that reintubation impose on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and mortality.BackgroundExtubation failure increases the probability of poor clinical outcomes pertaining to mechanical ventilation.MethodsLiterature published during a 15-year period was retrieved from PubMed, Web of Knowledge databases, the Embase (Excerpa Medica database), and the Cochrane Library. Data involving reintubation, VAP, and mortality were extracted for a meta-analysis.ResultsForty-one studies involving 29,923 patients were enrolled for the analysis. The summary odds ratio (OR) between VAP and reintubation was 7.57 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.63–15.81). The merged ORs for mortality in hospital and intensive care unit were 3.33 (95% CI = 2.02–5.49) and 7.50 (95% CI = 4.60–12.21), respectively.ConclusionsReintubation can represent a threat to survival and increase the risk of VAP. The risk of mortality after reintubation differs between planned and unplanned extubation. Extubation failure is associated with a higher risk of VAP in the cardiac surgery population than in the general population.
Journal: Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Volume 45, Issue 4, July–August 2016, Pages 363–371