|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2697232||1143892||2016||5 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
• Cyclosporine-A drops is effective in reducing dry eye status after cataract surgery.
• Cyclosporine-A drops speed up return of corneal sensitivity after cataract surgery.
• Cyclosporine-A drops should be considered for all patients after cataract surgery.
AimTo assess the effect of cyclosporine-A (CsA) 0.05% ophthalmic emulsion on corneal sensation and ocular surface problems following cataract surgery.DesignProspective, randomized, double masked clinical trial.MethodsConsecutive case series of patients attending for bilateral cataract surgery. Subject’s eyes were randomized to receive either topical CsA or carboxymethylcellulose 0.5% (CMC) eye drops twice daily for one month following routine cataract surgery. Subjective and objective assessments were performed pre-operatively, one week, and one month after surgery. Primary safety parameters included best spectacle-corrected visual acuity and incidence of adverse events. Objective assessments included tests of tear film (osmolarity, tear break-up time, and Schirmer’s type-I test), ocular surface staining, corneal sensitivity and a subjective assessment: ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire.Results30 subjects (60 eyes) were recruited. At one month following cataract surgery, osmolarity, ocular surface staining, TBUT, Schirmer’s results showed a greater improvement after CsA drops compared to CMC and this was statistically significant for all measures (p < 0.05). All corneal sensation measurements were reduced after one week and one month. Eyes receiving CsA had higher recovery of corneal sensation at both time points post operatively and this was statistically significant at one month. OSDI questionnaire results did not show a statistically significant difference between the two eyes.ConclusionsCsA is effective and safe in the management of ocular surface problems after cataract surgery and allows faster recovery of corneal sensation. This recovery of sensation may be relevant to the improvement in ocular surface problems in all patients.
Journal: Contact Lens and Anterior Eye - Volume 39, Issue 1, February 2016, Pages 15–19