|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5134397||1492219||2017||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Measured addition reactions of Groups 1, 2, 11 and 13 atomic ions with ammonia.
- Identified trends down the periodic table.
- Observed relativistic enhancement for ligation of Au+ with ammonia.
- Assessed relativistic enhancement with relativistic binding energy computations.
- Provided overview of relativistic enhancements for eight other ligands.
The kinetics for ammonia ligation of the three (d10) transition metal coinage cations Cu+, Ag+ and Au+ were measured in an attempt to assess the role of relativistic effects in reaction kinetics. Measurements of several main-group cations were included for comparison: the alkali (s0) cations K+, Rb+ and Cs+, the alkaline-earth (s1) cations Ca+, Sr+ and Ba+ and the p0 atomic cations Ga+, In+ and Tl+. Measurements were performed at room temperature in helium bath gas at 0.35Â Torr using an Inductively-Coupled Plasma/Selected-Ion Flow Tube (ICP/SIFT) tandem mass spectrometer. The atomic cations are produced at ca. 5500Â K in an ICP source and are allowed to decay radiatively and to thermalize by collisions with argon and helium atoms prior to reaction. Rate coefficients are reported for ammonia addition, the only reaction channel that was observed with all these cations. A strong enhancement in the rate of addition of NH3 to Au+ was observed for the coinage metal cation period in contrast to the continuous decline in rate down the periodic table that was seen for the main group s0, s1 and p0 cations. We attribute this rate enhancement to the enhancement in the Au+-NH3 binding energy expected from relativistic effects. Comparisons are made with the periodic trends that we have reported previously for the rates of ligation of the coinage metal cations with O2, D2O, N2O, CO2, CS2, CH3F and SF6 and that we measured with pyridine. For seven of the nine ligands that were investigated, rate enhancement with Au+ provided an indirect experimental measure of relativistic effects.
Journal: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry - Volume 413, February 2017, Pages 81-84