کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5199093 1381510 2019 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Characterizing the solid-state thermal oxidation of poly(ethylene oxide) powder
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه شیمی شیمی آلی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Characterizing the solid-state thermal oxidation of poly(ethylene oxide) powder
چکیده انگلیسی
The oxidative degradation of powdered poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) resin was studied by polarized optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.), solution viscometry and Fourier-transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTi.r.). Powdered PEO readily oxidizes under mild ageing conditions (60°C) owing to its large surface area, its strained crystalline lattice and the weak carbon-oxygen bonds in its backbone. As a result, its physical properties deteriorate after an induction period of about 23 days and, in the extreme case, the free-flowing powder is transformed into a soft wax. With increasing oxidation, there is also a pronounced change in the morphology of PEO from a spherulitic to an axialitic structure. This transition is due to oxidatively induced changes in molecular weight and dispersity that affect the crystallization conditions. Examination of the PEO powder by SEM shows that it has an intricate, fibrillar, surface structure, which produces a large surface area available for oxidation. The emergence of multiple d.s.c. melting peaks after oxidation indicates that a number of low-melting, low-molecular-weight fractions are formed as a result of chain scission processes.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Polymer - Volume 32, Issue 11, 1991, Pages 2014-2019
نویسندگان
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