|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5435703||1398119||2018||12 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
This paper investigates the effect of minority W additions on the thermal stability of nanocrystalline NiTi thin films. The films were produced in an amorphous state, and the addition of W was found to increase the activation energy for crystallization and lead to finer grain sizes after crystallization. In the crystallized films, W was observed to both segregate to the NiTi grain boundaries and to phase separate into fine precipitates; together these effects contribute to the stability of the nanocrystalline state up to 1200Â Â°C. Using in-situ transmission electron microscopy, grain growth was observed concomitantly with coarsening of W precipitates, indicating that a primary mechanism for stability is Zener pinning by the W precipitates. At the same temperature where coarsening begins to occur rapidly, grain boundaries were also observed to undergo a transformation to thick, amorphous complexions. Monte Carlo simulations showed that W segregation to grain boundaries increases with temperature, which contributes to an increased rate of coarsening and loss of stability against grain growth.
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Journal: Acta Materialia - Volume 142, 1 January 2018, Pages 181-192