|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|571881||877326||2016||7 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
• Drivers’ attentional bias toward safety (ABS) was negatively correlated with their self-reported dangerous driving behavior.
• Drivers with higher scores of ABS reported less dangerous behavior.
• ABS was shown to be a significant predictor of dangerous driving behavior.
As implicit cognitive processes garner more and more importance, studies in the fields of healthy psychology and organizational safety research have focused on attentional bias, a kind of selective allocation of attentional resources in the early stage of cognitive processing. However, few studies have explored the role of attentional bias on driving behavior. This study assessed drivers’ attentional bias towards safety-related words (ABS) using the dot-probe paradigm and self-reported daily driving behaviors. The results revealed significant negative correlations between attentional bias scores and several indicators of dangerous driving. Drivers with fewer dangerous driving behaviors showed greater ABS. We also built a significant linear regression model between ABS and the total DDDI score, as well as ABS and the number of accidents. Finally, we discussed the possible mechanism underlying these associations and several limitations of our study. This study opens up a new topic for the exploration of implicit processes in driving safety research.
Journal: Accident Analysis & Prevention - Volume 96, November 2016, Pages 22–28