|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5131547||1378756||2017||5 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
The use of enzymes in organic solvents has considerably widened their repertoire of applications. Such low water containing media also offer the possibility of carrying out enzymatic reactions at higher temperatures and enhancing reaction yields. The utility of such preparations is limited by the damage caused to the protein structure during freeze-drying. This work investigates the result of exposing the proteolytic enzyme subtilisin to high temperature in low water containing n-octane on its activity in aqueous and non-aqueous media. Exposing subtilisin at 90Â Â°C for 5Â h led to 18-fold improvement in its transesterification activity even at the normal assay temperature (37Â Â°C) when compared with the untreated enzyme. The use of n-octane as the reaction medium was important as it helped to retain the three-dimensional architecture of the enzyme and should be considered while designing strategies for obtaining high activity preparations of other enzymes. Structural analysis using differential scanning fluorimetry showed that the enzyme lost its structure after heating in aqueous medium but retained it when heated in organic solvent. The simplicity and general applicability of the strategy should make it useful for obtaining highly active preparations of other enzymes as well.
Journal: Analytical Biochemistry - Volume 534, 1 October 2017, Pages 86-90