کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
10223341 1701024 2018 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Comparison of removal efficiency of pathogenic microbes in four types of wastewater treatment systems in Denmark
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مقایسه عملکرد حذف میکروب های بیماریزا در چهار نوع سیستم های تصفیه پساب در دانمارک
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کلمات کلیدی
تالاب های ساختمانی، فیلترهای شن و ماسه بیولوژیکی، بیوفیلترها، تصفیه فاضلاب، شاخص های باکتریال، حذف میکروب ها،
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک بوم شناسی، تکامل، رفتار و سامانه شناسی
چکیده انگلیسی
The aim of the present work was to evaluate and compare the performance in the removal of pathogenic microbes in four different types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems, namely: horizontal flow constructed wetlands (HFCW), vertical flow constructed wetlands (VFCW), biological sand filters (BSF) and biofilters (BF). All the systems analyzed are located in Jutland, Denmark. Water sampling took place during a three months period that covered from winter to spring. Conventional microbial indicators such as Escherichia coli, total coliforms (TC), intestinal enterococci and sulphite-reducing clostridia were quantified using traditional microbiological culture methods, whereas Bacteroides spp. determination was performed by quantitative PCR (qPCR). Other water quality parameters such as dissolved oxygen, biological oxygen demand (BOD5), total suspended solids (TSS), pH, temperature, ammonium concentration and conductivity of influent and effluent water samples were also analyzed. The results showed that bacterial indicators significantly reduced in all the systems analyzed. In general, BF showed the best performance in the removal of microbes for all bacteria studied, while BSF demonstrated an improved capacity to eliminate E. coli and TC. Contrarily, VFCW seems to be more effective reducing the amount of intestinal enterococci, sulphite-reducing clostridia, and Bacteroides spp. In the present study, HFCW were the less efficient wastewater treatment system for the elimination of the evaluated pathogens. However, the performance in the removal of microbes was still significant considering that such systems were the oldest under operation (with over 20 years of continuous task).
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Ecological Engineering - Volume 124, 1 December 2018, Pages 1-6
نویسندگان
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