|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1097907||1487656||2015||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Rape myths impact on juror decision making.
• Individuals who hold stereotypical attitudes towards rape are more likely to judge defendants as ‘not guilty’.
• The relationship between rape myths and juror decision-making differs between studies conducted in the US and Europe.
Despite major reforms in rape law and criminal procedure, a number of reports suggest that conviction rates, which are generally low, either remained similar or in some cases they even decreased. Acceptance of rape myths has been identified as one of the main barriers to progress within any law reform and in terms of convictions rates. Studies investigating jurors' decision-making have relied on public attitudes using various methods such as mock trials.A systematic review was conducted to investigate whether juror decision-making is influenced by rape myths. The review identified 9 studies. Meta-analysis supported the hypothesis that rape myths impact on juror decision-making regardless of study quality. The relationship between rape myths and juror decision-making were significantly different between studies conducted in the USA and Europe. The review provides a coherent evidence base to support recent efforts to highlight rape myths as a problem for prosecutors and discusses findings in the light of recent initiatives to introduce educational guidance for jurors.
Journal: International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice - Volume 43, Issue 1, March 2015, Pages 36–49