|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1173577||1491383||2014||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
A novel amperometric biosensor for xanthine was developed based on covalent immobilization of crude xanthine oxidase (XOD) extracted from bovine milk onto a hybrid nanocomposite film via glutaraldehyde. Toward the preparation of the film, a stable colloids solution of core–shell Fe3O4/polyaniline nanoparticles (PANI/Fe3O4 NPs) was dispersed in solution containing chitosan (CHT) and H2PtCl6 and electrodeposited over the surface of a carbon paste electrode (CPE) in one step. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometry, cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used for characterization of the electrode surface. The developed biosensor (XOD/CHT/Pt NPs/PANI/Fe3O4/CPE) was employed for determination of xanthine based on amperometric detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) reduction at –0.35 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The biosensor exhibited a fast response time to xanthine within 8 s and a linear working concentration range from 0.2 to 36.0 μM (R2 = 0.997) with a detection limit of 0.1 μM (signal/noise [S/N] = 3). The sensitivity of the biosensor was 13.58 μA μM−1 cm−2. The apparent Michaelis–Menten (Km) value for xanthine was found to be 4.7 μM. The fabricated biosensor was successfully applied for measurement of fish and chicken meat freshness, which was in agreement with the standard method at the 95% confidence level.
Journal: Analytical Biochemistry - Volume 464, 1 November 2014, Pages 51–59