|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1226373||1494826||2015||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Based on survival and tissue disruptions selenate was more toxic than selenite.
• NanoSe was more harmful than Sel-Plex and lactomicroSe.
• LactomicroSe did not show signs of toxicity.
• Toxicity order: selenate > selenite > nanoSe = Sel-Plex > lactomicroSe.
ProjectBeside its useful functions at very low concentrations, selenium including supplementary Se sources pose a potential toxicological risk. The toxicity of selenium species was tested in HaCaT cell culture and related nephrotoxicity in mice.ProcedureThe apoptotic shrinkage and necrotic expansion of cells were measured by time-lapse image microscopy. Acute nephrotoxicity was estimated upon administration of various selenium species to mice for two weeks. To confirm or to refute the accumulation of Se in the kidney and its potential chronic effect, Se concentration in kidney tissue and histopathlology were tested.ResultsThe comparison of selenium species showed that organic lactomicroSe did not affect cell growth at 5 ppm, but inorganic nanoSe severely hampered it at lower concentration (1 ppm). The in vivo Se treatment (0.5, 5, 50 ppm, corresponding to 4, 40 and 400 μg/kg) was misleading as it did neither affect the outward appearance nor the weight of the kidney. Se accumulation was observed after selenate, selenite, SelPlex, selenite and nanoSe administration, while lactomicroSe caused no traceable accumulation. In vivo, ex vivo and in vitro experiments reflected this order of selenium toxicity: selenate > selenite > SelPlex = nanoSe > lactomicroSe.ConclusionWithin the tested species lactomicroSe was the only non-nephrotoxic selenium source recommended for nutritional Se supplementation.
Mice were fed different selenium species for two weeks (0.5–50 ppm). In vivo, ex vivo and in vitro toxicities were tested. Only bio-nano-Se (lactomicroSe) turned out to be nontoxic. Toxicity order: selenate > selenite > SelPlex = nanoSe > lactomicroSe.Figure optionsDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Volume 30, April 2015, Pages 160–170