|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1259686||971691||2016||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
The adsorption behaviors of rare earth elements on clay minerals would have great influence on the mineralization process and the leaching process of the ion-adsorption type rare earths ore. In this work, the adsorption thermodynamics of REEs on kaolin were investigated thoroughly and systematically. The experimental results showed that the adsorption characteristics of La, Nd, Y on kaolin did fit well with the Langmuir isotherm model and their saturated adsorption capacities were 1.731, 1.587 and 0.971 mg/g, respectively. The free energy change (ΔG) values were −16.91 kJ/mol (La), −16.05 kJ/mol (Nd) and −15.58 kJ/mol (Y), respectively. The negative values of ΔG demonstrated that the adsorption of rare earth on kaolin was a spontaneously physisorption process. The deposit characteristic of the volcanic ion-adsorption type rare earths ore and the behavior of the rare earth in the column leaching process were also developed here. With the increase of the ore body depth, the distribution of the LREEs decreased and the HREEs increased. And the slight differences in the adsorption ability of REEs on clay minerals led to the fractionation effect in the column leaching process. These developed more evidences and better understanding of metallogenic regularity, and provided a theoretical basis and scientific approach to separation of the HREEs and LREEs in the leaching process.
Graphical AbstractAdsorption equilibrium curve of REEs on kaolinFigure optionsDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Journal of Rare Earths - Volume 34, Issue 5, May 2016, Pages 543–548