|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2064641||1544146||2014||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• CC-LAAO is the first thermo-active SV-LAAOs which displayed an optimal activity at 50 °C.
• Deduced amino acids sequence and tertiary model structure of CC-LAAO are performed.
• CC-LAAO has five potential N-glycosylation sites and the sugar portion is not crucial for its enzymatic activity.
A new l-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) from Cerastes cerastes snake venom, named CC-LAAO, was purified to homogeneity using a combination of size-exclusion, ion-exchange and affinity chromatography. CC-LAAO is a homodimeric glycosylated flavoprotein with a molecular mass around 58 kDa under reducing conditions and about 115 kDa in its native form when analyzed by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration chromatography, respectively. This enzyme displayed a Michaelis–Menten behavior with an optimal pH at 7.8. However, unlike known SV-LAAOs which display their maximum activity at 37 °C, CC-LAAO has an optimal temperature at 50 °C. Kinetic studies showed that the enzyme displayed high specificity towards hydrophobic l-amino acids. The best substrates were L-Phe, L-Met and L-Leu. CC-LAAO activity was inhibited by the substrate analog N-acetyl tryptophan. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of this protein was determined by automated Edman degradation. The CC-LAAO cDNA was cloned from the venom gland total RNA preparation. The cDNA sequence contained an open-reading frame (ORF) of 1551-bp, which encoded a protein of 516 amino acids comprising a signal peptide of 18 amino acids and 498-residues mature protein. CC-LAAO sequence and its tertiary model shared high similarity with other snake venom LAAOs.
Journal: Toxicon - Volume 89, October 2014, Pages 32–44