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• Ecological indicators for green building construction are constructed.
• Group-frontier technologies and meta-frontier technologies are estimated.
• Ecological performance at the regional and national levels is compared.
• Regional heterogeneities are further discussed in detail.
Building construction is one of the largest final consumers of environmental resources as well as one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gas and other pollution. This paper aims to propose ecological indicators for green building construction by applying a slack-based data envelop analysis approach, in which resource conservation and environmental protection are both incorporated. We conduct an empirical analysis of ecological indicators for green building construction using China's regional panel dataset during 1995–2012, and use the analysis to further discuss the technological gaps across the regions. The findings show that: (i) half of China's provinces have a substantial potential increase of more than 60% in ecological performance for green building construction; (ii) the developed areas perform better than the developing areas; (iii) the 11th five-year plan period is a turning point for China's green building construction and development as the policies for green construction have significant effects.
Journal: Ecological Indicators - Volume 67, August 2016, Pages 68–77