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In this article, we present a generic model-centric approach for realizing fine-grained dynamic adaptation in software systems by managing and interpreting graph-based models of software at runtime. We implemented this approach as the Graph-based Runtime Adaptation Framework (GRAF), which is particularly tailored to facilitate and simplify the process of evolving and adapting current software towards runtime adaptivity. As a proof of concept, we present case study results that show how to achieve runtime adaptivity with GRAF and sketch the framework's capabilities for facilitating the evolution of real-world applications towards self-adaptive software. The case studies also provide some details of the GRAF implementation and examine the usability and performance of the approach.
Journal: Journal of Systems and Software - Volume 85, Issue 12, December 2012, Pages 2720–2737