|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|587311||1453310||2014||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We estimated the global cost of occupational injuries and diseases in Québec.
• We estimated the financial and human costs associated with injuries and diseases.
• Individual data from the Québec workers' compensation board was used.
• Exposure to noise causes the highest average cost per case.
• Injuries and diseases in the mining industry are those with the highest cost per FTE.
ProblemOccupational injuries and diseases are costly for companies and for society as a whole. This study estimates the overall costs of occupational injuries and diseases in Québec, both human and financial, during the period from 2005 to 2007.MethodThe human capital method is used to estimate lost productivity. A health indicator (DALY) is used in combination with a value of statistical life (VSL) to estimate, in monetary terms, the pain and suffering costs resulting from occupational injuries.ResultsThe costs of occupational injuries and diseases occurring in a single year in Québec are estimated at $4.62 billion, on average, for the 2005–2007 period. Of this amount, approximately $1.78 billion is allocated to financial costs and $2.84 billion to human costs. The average cost per case is $38,355. In view of the limitations identified in the study, it can be argued that this is an underestimation of the costs. Result analysis allows the injury/disease descriptors and industries for which the costs are highest to be identified.Practical applicationsThe results of these estimates are a relevant source of information for helping to determine research directions in OHS and prevention. The methodology used can be replicated for the purposes of estimating the costs of injuries and diseases in other populations.
Journal: Journal of Safety Research - Volume 50, September 2014, Pages 89–98