|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6302245||1618037||2014||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
As water resources have been developed, the input of water into wetlands by rivers has decreased. Thus, these wetland ecosystems are seriously threatened. The upstream reservoir must be operated in a manner that provides downstream wetlands with their ecological water requirement. Here, a method for analysing the effects of artificial water replenishment from reservoirs on wetlands is established. A hydrodynamic mathematical model was coupled by a one-dimensional longitudinal and depth-averaged two-dimensional hydrodynamic model to simulate the water replenishment process in wetlands. The results indicate that the overflow of floodwaters into wetlands may not occur if insufficient reservoir water is discharged. In contrast, if too much water is discharged, excess water will reach the wetland and cause a water shortage upstream. Furthermore, the results showed that there is a quantitative relationship between the area of water in a wetland and the flow discharged by the upstream reservoir. This analytical method provides direct data that can be used to ensure that wetlands receive enough water from reservoirs to maintain their ecological functions and to avoid wasting the water resources of upstream reservoirs.
Journal: Ecological Engineering - Volume 62, January 2014, Pages 71-76