کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6894690 1445929 2018 35 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Exploring communication media options in an inter-organizational disaster response coordination network using agent-based simulation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
بررسی گزینه های رسانه های ارتباطی در یک شبکه هماهنگی پاسخ فاجعه بین سازمانی با استفاده از شبیه سازی مبتنی بر عامل
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی کامپیوتر علوم کامپیوتر (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی
Large-scale disasters require rapid, well-coordinated responses from many organizations. This coordination involves extensive communication about specific needs, resource availability, optimal sizes and packaging of goods, and location and timing of deliveries. Faster, more accurate communication within the disaster response network translates to more effective response at the disaster site. This article presents a modeling project that assessed the effects of distinct communication media on response times within a centralized network. In the United States, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides support and coordination among numerous responding agencies. An initial agent-based simulation model incorporated data from participant interviews and FEMA documentation about communication processes among response organization representatives. This model tracked effects of meetings, meeting scheduling, and bulletins on time required to complete the processing of requests. Following a second round of interviews and detailed observations during a national disaster exercise, we built a second agent-based simulation model that varied usage of email, phone, and face-to-face communications alongside a centralized information system and tracked the processing of anticipated, standard, and non-standard resource requests. Results show significant effects of different combinations of communication media on response times. Recommendations based on the study include: resist the temptation to schedule more than one meeting per day; use bulletins to disseminate information updates; supplement the centralized information system with direct interpersonal communication media such as email; and for unusual or difficult requests enable representatives to have in-person conversations or the closest alternative such as video teleconferencing with screen-sharing.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: European Journal of Operational Research - Volume 269, Issue 2, 1 September 2018, Pages 451-465
نویسندگان
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