|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1001066||1481671||2013||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
This paper discusses the role of system operators (SOs) in four infrastructure industries: electricity, natural gas, railways and water supply. It describes the types of system operator and their role as co-ordinating entities. The paper relates the role of SOs to the problems of economic discrimination that arise in partially or wholly vertically integrated infrastructure companies and the introduction of upstream competition over networks. The paper discusses short, medium and long-term issues that arise and indicates the relevant economic theory framework for tackling each of them as well. It also discusses the SO variants observed for the four industries in the UK, the US and the European Union, with their strengths and weaknesses.
Journal: Utilities Policy - Volume 26, September 2013, Pages 56–66