|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|106889||161726||2016||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Insufficient firearm examiner training can lead to miscarriages of justice.
• Improvements in laboratory processes aim to prevent injustice by reducing bias.
• Objective methods are being applied to support firearm identification conclusions.
• Funding is required to increase scientific research outputs in the discipline.
• Legal and scientific professionals are responsible for admissibility of evidence.
The role of a firearm examiner is wide ranging, involving tasks that require scientific understanding in aspects of chemistry, physics and biology. This article aims to provide a critical review of the key scientific principles and practices specifically involved with forensic firearm identification and to discuss how misidentifications have resulted in cases of injustice. Implementation of quality assured examination practice, demonstration of individual examiner competence and more objective methods of reporting are being adopted by firearm examiners and laboratories to address some of the criticisms relating to subjectivity and standardisation inherent within the discipline. The impact of these changes is outlined and further recommendations are made for both examiners and legal professionals to minimise the potential for future injustices involving firearms evidence. Latest research in the field is cited, continuing to support the theory and use of firearm identification as admissible evidence in court.
Journal: Science & Justice - Volume 56, Issue 2, March 2016, Pages 129–142